average emissions figure
for new cars sold in 2011 was
, equivalent to
; this is 4.2% lower than the previous year, and more than 23% lower than when reporting began in 2000.
Sub-100g/km cars (equivalent to about 70mpg) almost doubled their market share to 3.4%.
According to figures released by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders in its 11 th annual New Car CO
report , new cars registered in the UK last year were, on average, 18.0% more fuel efficient than the average car on the road.
The Report shows that in 2011, almost half of new cars (46.8%) had emissions below the 2015 European legislative target of 130g/km CO
. Additionally, over 65,000 vehicles were exempt from Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) .
Reductions in average emissions were made across all segments (car sizes) versus 2010, contributing to the significant drop over the past decade. Executive and Specialist Sports made the biggest reduction over the past year, falling 9.5% and 7.0% respectively on 2010 figures while the Executive (-34.9%) and Mini (-29.9%) segments recorded the biggest improvements against the 2000 levels.
The European new car fleet must achieve a 130g/km CO 2 average by 2015.
Every vehicle manufacturer has its own target, based on the weight of the cars it sells. These individual targets combine to make the 130g/km average.
In 2012, 65% of the fleet must comply, with the proportion increasing towards total fleet compliance in 2015.
There is an ultimate target of 95g/km CO 2 by 2020, subject to impact assessment.
Paul Everitt, SMMT Chief Executive, said, “ Industry can be proud of the progress it has made in reducing CO
emissions and improving fuel efficiency, 23 per cent since 2000. The UK motor industry recognises its responsibilities and the industrial opportunities from the transition to ultra-low carbon vehicles. Future environmental and economic success will be determined by sustained investment in new technology, R&D, infrastructure and consumer incentives. We are seeing steady improvement in conventional technologies and the emergence of a range of alternative technologies, creating one of the most innovative periods for the global automotive industry .”
Achieving record market shares, diesel and alternatively-fuelled vehicles (AFVs) continued their rise in popularity, taking 50.6% and 1.3% of the 2011 market respectively. Petrol-electric hybrids accounted for 92% of all AFV volumes in 2011 with an average CO 2 output of 104g/km, some 25% below the UK average. Though market development is in its earliest stages, EV registrations rose by 557% in 2011 to 1,098 units, aided by the introduction of new models and the Plug-In Car Grant.
UK automotive is a global leader for low carbon R&D, productivity and quality, exporting its products around the world. To retain this position and meet the stringent EU legislative target of 95g/km CO
by 2020, the SMMT says that successive governments must commit to a strong long-term industrial policy that provides the certainty required by international firms to sustain investments in low carbon R&D in the UK. Government needs to provide consistency on taxation and maintain and expand incentives like the Plug-In Car Grant, which encourage consumers to move towards low carbon and more fuel-efficient technologies .
The full SMMT New CarCO
Report 2012 is free to download from www.smmt.co.uk/co2report
| Segment|| 2011 CO|
| % ch vs ’10|| % ch vs ’00|| Mkt sh ‘11|| Mkt sh ‘00|
|Dual Purpose / 4×4||184.2||-6.2%||-29.0%||8.6%||4.5%|
| Total|| 138.1|| -4.2%|| -23.7%|| 100.0%|| 100.0%|
Market segmentation examples
A – Mini – eg Hyundai i10
B – Supermini – eg Ford Fiesta
C – Lower Medium – eg Ford Focus
D – Upper Medium – eg Vauxhall Insignia
E – Executive – eg Mercedes C-Class
F – Luxury Saloon – eg Jaguar XJ
G – Specialist Sports – eg Volkswagen Scirroco
H – Dual Purpose (4×4/SUV) – eg Land Rover Freelander
I – Multi-Purpose Vehicle – eg Vauxhall Zafira
Link between CO
emissions and fuel consumption:
| MPG – Petrol (approx)|| MPG – Diesel (approx)|