Peugeot 208 HYbrid Air 2L Demonstrator capable of 141mpgSeptember 30, 2014
The Peugeot 208 HYbrid Air 2L Demonstrator is capable of two litres per 100km (2L), equivalent to 141mpg, and is based on a production version of the Peugeot 208 1.2-litre 82hp Hatchback.
Weighing just 860kg – 100kg less than the production car – the concept is a mix of steel, aluminium and composites. Carbon composites are used for the body panels, sides, doors and roof, along with the coil springs providing suspension. In the latter case, the use of composites has a positive impact on dynamic handling by reducing unsprung weight. The car has also been fine-tuned aerodynamically, with a number of improvements to reduce drag, including a lower stance on the road.
The campaign to reduce weight has not focused solely on the use of new materials; it has also sought to redesign existing parts. This has led to changes in the thickness of the stainless steel exhaust system, enabling a 20% improvement on this part alone.
The standard powertrain has been replaced by a hybrid drive system featuring a mix of petrol and compressed air. HYbrid Air technology combines two types of energy to achieve greater efficiency depending on the driving conditions. The compressed air is used to assist and even replace the petrol engine to enable maximum efficiency during transition phases, such as acceleration and starts.
The system comprises:
- a compressed-air tank located below the boot
- a low-pressure tank near the rear axle acting as an expansion chamber
- a hydraulic system consisting of a motor and a pump in the engine bay
The hydraulic system features bespoke epicyclic transmission to strike the right balance between the two different energy sources. This replaces the manual transmission to enable automatic shifting.
In Air (ZEV) mode, the car runs on compressed air alone. This method of driving doesn’t consume fuel and gives off no CO2 emissions, making it ideal for urban environments. In Petrol mode, the car is powered only by the 1.2-litre petrol engine. This is more suitable for travelling at a steady speed on main roads and motorways. The Combined mode is designed for transition phases in urban environments, such as standing starts and acceleration. It draws on the two energy sources in proportions adjusted to achieve optimal fuel consumption.
The compressed-air tank is recharged when slowing down (while braking or taking the foot off the pedal) or by part use of the energy developed by the three-cylinder petrol engine to compress the air. Both methods can achieve maximum pressure in just 10 seconds.