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Electric Vehicle Guide

Nissan LEAF 2018

Electric Vehicle Guide: everything you need to know about electric vehicles (EVs) including how they can save you money, how they help to improve air quality, and independent reviews of all the EVs on sale in the UK.

Electric vehicles include pure electric vehicles, electric range-extender vehicles, and plug-in hybrids (PHEVs).

BENEFITS OF EVS

  • EVs have lower running costs (fuel and maintenance/total cost of ownership) than petrol or diesel vehicles
  • EVs have zero tailpipe CO2, NOx and particulates emissions at all times in the case of pure EVs, or have the ability for zero-emission running in the case of range-extenders or PHEVs
  • EVs are seen as a key solution to improve air quality
  • EVs are typically seen as a better driving experience than petrol or diesel vehicles

FINANCIAL INCENTIVES FOR EVS

EVs can benefit from a range of financial incentives including:

  • A UK government plug-in car grant: up to £4,500 for an eligible new electric car (with a zero emission range of over 70 miles); up to £2,500 for an eligible new plug-in hybrid (CO₂ emissions of less than 50g/km and a zero emission range of between 10 and 69 miles, with an ‘on the road’ price of £60,000 or less – or CO₂ emissions of 50 to 75g/km and a zero emission range of at least 20 miles, with an ‘on the road’ price of £60,000 or less); and up to £8,000 for an eligible new electric van
  • An OLEV home charge point grant: up to £500
  • The Workplace Charging Scheme also enables any business, charity or public authority to claim a grant of up to £300 per charging socket towards the cost of installing EV charge points
  • Reduced Benefit in Kind (BIK) rates for company car drivers; for 2018/2019, vehicles with 0-50g/km Co2 emissions have a BIK rate of 13%, vehicles with 51-75g/km Co2 emissions have a BIK rate of 16%
  • Reduced rates of Vehicle Excise Duty (VED). Pure electric cars (with 0g/km CO2 emissions) pay zero VED; vehicles with 1-50g/km Co2 emissions have a first year VED rate of just £10, and vehicles with 51-75g/km Co2 emissions have a first year VED rate of just £25

EV TECHNOLOGIES

EVs include pure electric vehicles, electric range-extender vehicles, and plug-in hybrids (PHEVs).

  • Pure electric vehicles operate using an electric motor powered by a battery 100% of the time
  • Electric range-extender vehicles operate as electric vehicles all the time, but a small engine can act as a generator for the battery if it becomes depleted
  • Plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) feature an electric motor powered by a small battery, and a petrol or diesel engine. PHEVs typically only have a short electric driving range, possibly between 20-30 miles (depending on make and model); the vehicle will operate on its petrol or diesel engine for longer journeys.

CHARGING AN EV

Most people charge their electric vehicles at home overnight using a home charge point. Grants are available for home charge points (see above). There is also an ever-increasing public charging infrastructure around the UK (there are more than 13,000 public charge points across the UK), with around 1,000 rapid chargers – many of them at motorway service stations (96% of motorway services have rapid chargers).

Some public charging points are ‘open access’ (free). But most belong to one of the main network providers. You may need either their contactless RFID card or mobile app, depending upon the provider.

There’s an agreed standard for the sockets found on the latest charging points – all now using the universal ‘Type Two’ socket.

MYTHS AND FACTS ABOUT EVS

There’s only a small variety of electric vehicles

The range of electric vehicles is increasing month by month, and this trend is set to accelerate over the coming years. Already there is an electric vehicle in most car body styles, there is an increasing number of electric vans coming to market, and their are even electric trucks and buses.

Electric vehicles are expensive

Some electric vehicles are more expensive to buy than similar petrol vehicles, but electric vehicles have much lower running costs – typically around one-fifth of the running costs of petrol vehicles – so electric vehicles are typically cheaper to run on a whole life cost basis than petrol or diesel vehicles.

Electric vehicles have limited driving ranges

Many electric vehicles had real-world ranges of around 80-100 miles over recent years, but real-world ranges are now typically over 200 miles in the case of many pure electric vehicles, subject to individual make and model.

Electric vehicles are difficult to charge

Most electric vehicle owners charge their vehicles at home overnight using a home charge point. There is an ever-expanding public charging infrastructure, with rapid chargers at virtually all motorway service stations.

Electric vehicles aren’t good to drive

This is a common statement from people who haven’t driven electric vehicles. People who have driven electric vehicles have a very different view. Electric vehicles have instant responses when accelerating due to 100% of torque being available at all times, they’re extremely quiet, and very refined. Most EVs have their batteries in the floor, resulting in a low centre of gravity, and therefore excellent handling.

FURTHER EV RESOURCES:

WHICH CAR IS MOST SUITABLE FOR YOU? ENERGY SAVING TRUST VIDEO

ELECTRIC CAR GUIDE – ENERGY SAVING TRUST VIDEO

INDEPENDENT EV REVIEWS:

 

audi a3 e-tron

Audi A3 e-tron

 

Audi Q7 e-tron

Audi Q7 e-tron

 

BMW 330e

BMW 330e

 

BMW 530e

BMW 530e

 

BMW i3s

BMW i3s

 

bmw-i3-94ah

BMW i3 94Ah Range Extender

 

bmw i3

BMW i3

 

bmw i3

BMW i3 Launch

 

bmw i8

BMW i8

 

bmw-x5-40e

BMW X5 xDrive40e

 

chevrolet-volt-001

Chevrolet Volt

 

hyundai-ioniq-electric

Hyundai IONIQ Electric – Launch

 

Hyundai IONIQ Electric

Hyundai IONIQ Electric – Living with

 

Hyundai IONIQ Plug-in Hybrid

Hyundai IONIQ Plug-in Hybrid

 

Kia Optima PHEV

Kia Optima Plug-in Hybrid

 

Kia Soul EV

Kia Soul EV

 

kia soul ev

Kia Soul EV Launch

 

Mercedes-Benz C 350 e Sport Estate

Mercedes-Benz C 350 e

 

Mercedes-Benz E 350e

Mercedes-Benz E 350 e

 

MINI Cooper S E Countryman ALL4

MINI Cooper S E Countryman

 

Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV

Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV long-term test

 

Nissan e-NV200 Combi

Nissan e-NV200

 

Nissan e-NV200

Nissan e-NV200 7 Seater

 

Nissan LEAF 2018

New 2018 Nissan LEAF 40kWh

 

nissan leaf 2014

Nissan LEAF

 

nissan-leaf

Nissan LEAF 30kWh

 

peugeot-ion-001

Peugeot iOn

 

Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid

Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid

 

porsche panamera hybrid

Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid

 

renault-fluence-001

Renault Fluence ZE

 

renault-kangoo-001

Renault Kangoo ZE

 

renault-twizy-2-001

Renault Twizy

 

renault-twizy-001

Renault Twizy Launch

 

Renault ZOE ZE40

Renault ZOE Z.E.40

 

Renault ZOE

Renault ZOE

 

renault-zoe-001-crop

Renault ZOE Launch

 

smart fortwo cabriolet electric drive

smart fortwo cabrio Electric Drive

 

Tesla Model S P85D

Tesla Model S P85D

 

tesla model s

Tesla Model S

 

Tesla Model X

Tesla Model X 90D

 

Tesla Model X 100D

Tesla Model X 100D

 

Toyota Prius Plug-in

Toyota Prius Plug-in

 

vauxhall ampera

Vauxhall Ampera

 

Volkswagen e-Golf

Volkswagen e-Golf

 

Volkswagen e-up!

Volkswagen e-up!

 

Volkswagen Golf GTE

Volkswagen Golf GTE

 

volkswagen-passat-gte-estate

Volkswagen Passat GTE

 

volvo-v60-phev

Volvo V60 D5 Twin Engine

 

Volvo V90 T8 Twin Engine

Volvo V90 T8 Twin Engine

 

Volvo XC60 Twin Engine T8

Volvo XC60 T8 Twin Engine

 

volvo-xc90-t8

Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine

 

Volvo XC90 T8

Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine Launch