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Electric Vehicles: Everything you need to know

Jaguar I-PACE

Jaguar I-PACE

WHY THE FUTURE WILL BE ELECTRIC

  • UK CO2 targets – the UK has to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050 compared to 1990 base levels – electric vehicles can play a key part in achieving these targets
  • EU fleet CO2 targets – the next fleet average target for manufacturers is 95g/km CO2 by 2020/21 – manufacturers will need EVs to achieve these targets, especially for the targets that are likely post-2021
  • Air Quality – local air quality has now taken over from CO2 as a key priority for the UK government – EVs are an ideal solution to help with this issue

EXAMPLES OF NEWS HEADLINES DURING THE LAST YEAR

McLaren 600LT

IT’S HAPPENING NOW

Diesel exhaust

THE ROAD TO ZERO – SUMMARY

MINI Countryman S E charging Green Car Guide LOW RES

  • 2017 Government announcement: the UK will end the sale of new conventional petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2040
  • Road to Zero strategy published 9 July 18 builds on this commitment and outlines how government will work with industry to support achieving this
  • 46 policy proposals
  • Sets out next steps to cleaner road transport and delivering the UK’s Industrial Strategy – ambition to make the UK the best place in the world to build and own an electric vehicle
  • Ambition for 50%-70% of new car sales to be ultra-low emission by 2030, and up to 40% of new vans
  • Government will take steps to enable massive roll-out of infrastructure to support electric vehicle revolution
  • Delivering cleaner air
  • The government‘s mission, as part of the modern Industrial Strategy, is to put the UK at the forefront of an industry that is estimated to be worth up to £7.6 trillion per year by 2050
  • The Road to Zero Strategy is technology neutral and does not speculate on which technologies might help to deliver the government’s 2040 mission – no plan to ban any particular technology – eg. hybrids – as part of this strategy
  • Push for chargepoints to be installed in newly built homes and new lampposts to include charging points
  • The launch of a £400 million Charging Infrastructure Investment Fund to help accelerate the roll-out of charging infrastructure
  • Creating a new £40 million programme to develop and trial innovative, low cost wireless and on-street charging technology
  • Providing up to £500 for electric vehicle owners to put in a charge point in their home through the Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme
  • An increase in the value of grants available to workplacesto install chargepoints so people can charge when they are at work
  • The extension of the Plug-In Car and Van Grants to at least October 2018 at current rates, and in some form until at least 2020
  • The launch of an Electric Vehicle Energy Taskforce to bring together the energy and automotive industries to plan for the increase in demand on energy infrastructure that will result from a rise in the use of electric vehicles
  • Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill to ensure chargepoints are easily accessed and used across the UK, available at motorway service areas and large fuel retailers and will be smart ready.

PASSENGER CAR TECHNOLOGY ROADMAP

The passenger car technology roadmap shows that a consensus of industry views in the UK point to an electric future.

Passenger Car Technology Roadmap

PROJECTED ANNUAL GLOBAL EV SALES

Research from Bloomberg New Energy Finance also shows that EVs are the future – with China leading the way in the short to medium term.

projected-annual-global-electric-vehicle-sales

NEW CAR REGISTRATIONS BY FUEL TYPE

New car registrations by fuel type FROM THE SMMT

Image from the SMMT

  • Pure EV sales are less than 1% of total car sales – and sales fell in March 2018 by 7.5%
  • Plug-in Hybrid sales rose by 18.2% in March 2018

EV TECHNOLOGIES

EV INCENTIVES

VEHICLE TAX RATES

Vehicle tax rates

First tax payment when you register the vehicle

‘Alternative fuel cars’

• 0 CO2 emissions (g/km) £0

• 1-50 CO2 emissions (g/km) £0

• 51-75 CO2 emissions (g/km) £15

In contrast, a car with emission of over 255g/km CO2 (the highest band) pays £2060

Rates for second tax payment onwards

The rate for pure electric cars is £0. The differential in rates for the second tax payment onwards for ‘Alternative fuel cars’ (includes hybrids) is minimal compared to petrol or diesel cars (£130 v £140 per year).

WHAT’S GOING ON WITH EVS AT THE MOMENT?

  • Lack of availability
  • EV production capacity v demand issues
  • NEDC to WLTP changeover: Impact on many cars, but especially PHEVs c/o real-life MPG
  • Benefit in Kind
    • EVs: 13% now, 16% April 2019, 2% April 2020
  • Vans, Trucks, Buses, Taxis
    • Worst emissions, but little vehicle availability

ATTITUDES TOWARDS EVS – 3 CASE STUDIES

  • My Electric Avenue
    • Smart charging trial, 2013: 100 Nissan LEAFs. Participants expected to use the LEAF as a second car, behind their existing petrol or diesel vehicle, but in many cases people ended up using the LEAF as their main car.
  • Electric Nation
    • Smart charging trial, 2017: Over 3,000 applications for 700 spaces, over 40 makes and models of EVs on the trial. Trial still in progress, but so far appears to be an acceptance of smart (ie. managed) charging amongst participants.
  • Go Ultra Low Nottingham ULEV Experience
    • Perceived barriers include lack of variety of EV models, insufficient driving range, cost, charging. The solution is to get people to experience EVs themselves.

THE FUTURE

HUNDREDS of new EVs are coming to market from now, and even more from 2020/21 onwards. Here’s a selection…

Arrival EV Van

Arrival 3.5, 6.0 & 7.5 tonne electric van

 

Audi e-tron prototype

Audi e-tron quattro Electric range (NEDC): 310 miles

 

BMW iX3

BMW Concept IX3 Electric range (WLTP): 250 miles

 

Hyundai Kona Electric

Hyundai Kona Electric Electric range (NEDC): 300 miles

 

Jaguar I-PACE

Jaguar I-PACE Electric range (WLTP): 298 miles

 

Kia Niro Electric

Kia Niro Electric Electric range (WLTP): 280 miles

 

Mercedes-Benz EQ

Mercedes-Benz EQ Electric range (NEDC): 300 miles

MINI Electric

MINI Electric Here in 2019

 

Porsche Mission E

Porsche Mission E/Taycan Electric range (NEDC): 300 miles

 

Tesla Model 3

Tesla Model 3 Electric range (EPA): 220-310 miles

 

Volkswagen I.D. CROZZ

Volkswagen I.D.  Electric range (NEDC): 300 miles

 

Volvo XC40 Electric

Volvo XC40 Electric Electric range (NEDC): 250 miles

 

Tesla Semi

Tesla Semi Truck Electric range: 600 miles

 

Tesla Roadster

Tesla Roadster Electric range: 620 miles, Top speed: 250 mph+, 0-60 mph: 1.9 seconds

BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES

NAA Automotive Business Opportunities

The move to Electric, Connected and Autonomous Vehicles presents a wide range of business opportunities including in the following areas:

• Emissions & the move to electric vehicles

• Petrol and diesel vehicle optimisation

• Vans, buses & trucks

• Motorsport

• Electric vehicles and the grid

• Connected & autonomous vehicles

• Digital

• Testing

• Services

• Global markets

• Finance

See more at:

http://northernautoalliance.com/services/automotive-business-opportunities/ 

WHAT WE NEED TO DO, TO SHIFT ATTITUDES TO EVS

Desirability

From G-Wiz to I-PACE: progress with EVs, but we’re not quite there yet with design, performance, practicality, choice, cost

Joined up government policies to encourage EV adoption

Nottingham’s ULEV Experience shows that businesses – the main EV buyers – have one key aim with fleet choices: saving money. So OLEV and the Treasury need to be joined up on issues such as BIK (reduce BIK to 2% now!). And how about joining up Transport & Health?

Convenience

Charging – need to be able to turn up at any charge point and charge with credit card/contactless – no more different RFID membership cards!

Communication

Include communication in EV-related projects – and make it engaging

AND FINALLY…

Pollution from petrol and diesel vehicles is having an adverse impact on our health; it is now acknowledged that there is no safe level of air pollution.

Young children are the most vulnerable group; in fact air pollution stunts the growth of children’s lungs.

Based on this information alone, when this makes the front pages of newspapers, it’s difficult to see how any politicians will support petrol and diesel cars going forward.

More information:

Independent reviews of every electric vehicle on sale in the UK

Electric Vehicle Guide

WHICH CAR IS MOST SUITABLE FOR YOU? ENERGY SAVING TRUST VIDEO

ELECTRIC CAR GUIDE – ENERGY SAVING TRUST VIDEO